Eczema, also known as atopic dermatitis, is a skin condition characterized by a dry, itchy rash. This rash is often found on the hands, elbows, and knees. Eczema can also affect the face, particularly the eyelids. When a baby has eczema, the parents must seek medical attention because of the possibility of infection and the potential for food allergies. Here are some of the best techniques used to treat eczema.
- Moisturizing Creams
Moisturizing creams are used to treat eczema by providing relief from itching. These creams must be applied to the affected areas several times a day. The best moisturizing cream for eczema is one that contains colloidal oatmeal. Colloidal oatmeal has been found to relieve itching and helps heal cracked skin. Some of these creams also contain other ingredients like aloe, which is soothing and anti-inflammatory.
- Colloidal Oatmeal Baths
The colloidal oatmeal baths are effective at relieving some of the symptoms of eczema, including:
The colloidal oatmeal baths effectively reduce the severity of the symptoms and can be used as an alternative to corticosteroid creams. Colloidal oatmeal baths are easy and can be done at home with a bag of colloidal oatmeal purchased from a store.
Some precautions need to be taken when using colloidal oatmeal baths. The first is to ensure that you do not get the colloidal bath water into your eyes, ears, or nose as it may irritate. Also, it is essential to ensure that you thoroughly rinse off the colloidal bath water so there is no residue left on your skin when you get out of the tub. If you have sensitive skin or open wounds on your body, you should consult a doctor before using this type of treatment for eczema.
According to Oxford Online Pharmacy, eczema treatment with the use of corticosteroid creams is effective in reducing symptoms of eczema. The only problem with using corticosteroids is that they have several side effects and can cause severe damage to your skin if they are misused. Therefore, it is vital to follow your doctor’s instructions when using this treatment for eczema.
Some people with eczema may have a bacterial infection on the skin. If this is the case, your doctor may prescribe an antibiotic. However, you may need to take oral antibiotics in pill form. Alternatively, the physician may prescribe topical antibiotics applied directly to the skin.
Phototherapy is another possible treatment for eczema. Phototherapy can come in two forms. These are:
- The ultraviolet light therapy
- The psoralen plus ultraviolet A (PUVA) therapy
Ultraviolet light therapy uses ultraviolet B (UVB) rays from the sun or a unique lamp to treat your eczema. This type of treatment helps to calm down your immune system and reduce inflammation, which can cause eczema symptoms to flare up. The UVB rays can penetrate through the top layer of your skin and reach the deeper layer. The UVB rays also help slow down cell growth to help heal damaged skin quickly and effectively. On the other hand, PUVA therapy combines psoralen with long-wave UVA light penetrating deep into the skin’s layers to help relieve itching, redness, scaling, and flaking associated with eczema symptoms.